Sunday, 20 May 2012

Political parties and elections in Greece

Here is a short presentation of the 32 political parties in Greece who were participating in the election on May 6th, 2012 for the Hellenic parliament.

The Greek parliament has 300 members, normally elected for four years.
Greek citizens of 18 years and over on the year of the election have the right to vote.

At the election on May, 6th no party won the majority of seats (151 of 300) and a coalition government was unabled to be formed. Therefore a new legislative election in Greece is scheduled on June 17th, 2012.

Changes are expected among the parties. For example DISY - DEMOCRATIC ALLIANCE with Dora Bakoyannis might return to New Democracy.

ND - NEW DEMOCRACY (Ν.Δ. - Νέα Δημοκρατία). Centre right party founded 1974 by Konstantinos Karamanlis. It's founding mottos were: "Radical Liberalism - the prevalence of free market rules with the decisive intervention of the state in favour of social justice". Leader: Antonis Samaras. 1.192.054 votes - 18,85% - 108 seats 2012.

SYRIZA - Coalition of the radical left (ΣΥΡΙΖΑ - Συνασπισμός Ριζοσπαστικής Αριστεράς): Founded 2004 by five smaller left winged parties. Ideology: Democratic socialism, Eco-socialism, Anti-capitalism, Alter-globalization. Leader: Alexis Tsipras. 1.061.265 votes - 16,78% - 52 seats 2012.

PASOK: The Panhellenic Socialist Movement (ΠΑΣΟΚ - Πανελλήνιο Σοσιαλιστικό Κίνημα) is a social democratic party founded 1974 by Andreas Papandreo. Its founding mottos were: "National Independence, Peoples Sovereignty, Social Liberation and Democratic Process". Leader: Evangelos Venizelos. 833.529 votes - 13,18% - 41 seats 2012.

ANEL - INDEPENDENT GREEKS (ΑΝΕΛ - Ανεξάρτητοι Έλληνες): Right wing anti-austerity party founded in February 2012 by Panos Kammenos, a former member of parliament for the conservative ND (New Democracy). Slogan: "We are Many, We are independent, We are Greeks". 670.596 votes - 10,60% - 33 seats 2012.

KKE - Communist Party of Greece (Κ.Κ.Ε. - Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας): Far left party founded 1918 by Avraam Benaroya. Ideology: Communism, Marxism, Leninism, anti-imperalism. Aleka Papariga is the leader of the party since 1991.  536.072 votes - 8,48% - 26 seats 2012.

CHRYSI AVGI - Golden Dawn (Χ.Α. - Χρυσή Αυγή): Far right party since 1993 founded by Nikolaos Michaloliakos. Ideology: Greek nationalism, Metaxism. The members are using Roman salute which was also used by Hitler and the nazists. 440.896 votes - 6,97% - 21 seats 2012.

DIMAR - DEMOCRATIC LEFT (ΔΗΜ.ΑΡ - Δημοκρατική Αριστερά): Centre left to left wing party founded 2010. Ideology: Democratic socialism, social democracy, pro-europeanism. Leader: Fotis Kouvelis. 386.116 votes - 6,11% - 19 seats 2012.

Above the 7 parties who won seats in the Hellenic Parliament at the election on May, 6th 2012.

Minor parties in alphabetical order:

ANTARSYA - Front of the Greek anticapitalists left (ΑΝΤΑΡΣΥΑ - Αντικαπιταλιστική Αριστερή Συνεργασία για την Ανατροπή): Far left party founded in 2009. Ideology: Communism, revolutionary socialism, trotskyism, maoism, marxism-leninism, anti-capitalism, eco-socialism. 75.439 votes 2012 - 1,19%. A 21-member comittee instead of a leader.

ATHANASIOS DASKALOPOULOS, independent candidate. "Tyrannocides" (Τυραννοκτόνοι) is the name of his party, but The Supreme Court of Greece didn't let him use this name. However Daskalopoulos was allowed to take part in the election as an independent candidate. 3.088 votes 2012 - 0,05%.

CAN'T PAY, WON'T PAY MOVEMENT (Κήνημα Δεν Πληρώνω). Leader: Vassilis Papadopoulos. 55.646 votes 2012 - 0,88%.

DIGNITY - ALLIANCE OF INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES (Αξιοπρέπεια - Συνδυασμός ανεξάρτητων υποψηφίων). Leader: Panagiotis Theodoropoulos. 775 votes 2012 - 0,01%.

DISY - DEMOCRATIC ALLIANCE (ΔΗΣΥ - Δημοκρατική Συμμαχία): Centre party founded 2010 by Dora Bakoyannis. Ideology: Liberalism, centrism. 161.510 votes 2012 - 2,55%.
DRASI - The Liberal Alliance (ΔΡΑΣΗ - Φιλελεύθερη Συμμαχία): Centre party founded 2009 by Stefanos Manos. Motto: "Common sense". Ideology: Liberalism, free market capitalism, human rights, sustainable development, pro-europeanism. Leaders: Stefanos Manos and Grigoris Vallianatos. 114.094 votes 2012 - 1,8%.

ECOGREENS - ECOLOGIST GREENS (Οικολόγοι Πράσινοι): Political party since 2002. Ideology: Green politics. Leader: 6-member comittee. 185.366 votes 2012 - 2,93%.

EK - UNION OF CENTRISTS (Ε.Κ - Ένωση Κεντρώων): Center party founded 1992 by Vassilis Leventis. Ideology: Social democracy, Centrism, Venizelism. 38.439 votes 2012 - 0,61%.

EI - ECOLOGISTS GREECE (Έλληνες Οικολόγοι): Alternative Green party founded 1988. Supports legalisation of cannabis and unrestricted nudism. The Greek pornographic actress Julia Alexandratou was posing on the parties posters this year. Leader: Dimosthenis Vergis. 66 votes 2012.

EEK - WORKERS REVOLUTIONARY PARTY (Εργατικό Επαναστατικό Κόμμα): Far left party founded in 1985. Ideology: Comminism, Trotskyism. Greek section of the Coordinating commitee for the refoundation of the Fourth International. Leader: Sabetai Matsas(Savvas Mihail). 6.095 votes 2012 - 0,10%.

KEAN - NATIONAL RESISTANCE MOVEMENT (Κίνημα Εθνικής Αναγέννησης): Founded 2010 by the leader of the party: Ippokratis Savvouras. Ideology: Patriotism, nationalism. 469 votes 2012.
KOISY - SOCIAL AGREEMENT FOR GREECE IN EUROPE: Founded by ex-members of Pasok in March 2012. Ideology: Democratic socialism, social democracy. Leader: Louka Katseli. 60.753 votes 2012 - 0.96%.

LAOS - People's Orthodox Rally (ΛΑ.Ο.Σ - Λαϊκός Ορθόδοξος Συναγερμός): Radical right wing party founded 2000 by Giorgios Karatzaferis after beeing expelled from ND. Ideology: Coservatism, Greek nationalism, Right wing populism. 183.466 votes 2012 - 2,90%.

LIBERAL PARTY (Κόμμα Φιλελευθέρων): Liberal party founded 1980 by Nikitas Venizelos. Ideology: Liberalism, Democracy, Venizelism. Leader: Manolis Kaligiannis. 3.662 votes 2012 - 0,06%.

M-L KKE - MARXIST-LENINIST COMMUNIST PARTY OF GREECE (Μαρξιστικό - Λενινιστικό Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας): Far left party founded 1976. Ideology: Communism, Marxism-Leninism, Maoism, Anti-revisionism. Leader: 4-member committee. 16.049 votes 2012 - 0,25%.

OAKKE - ORGANIZATION FOR THE RECONSTRUCTION OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF GREECE (ΟΑΚΚΕ - Οργάνωση για την Ανασυγκρότηση): Far left party founded 1985. Leader: 3-member commitee. 2.616 votes 2012 - 0,04%.

OCHI: The coalition of  Democratic Revival(Center party founded 2004 by Stelios Papathemelis. Slogan: "Democratic, progressive, patriotic and social") and EPAM - United Popular Front (ΟΧΙ - συνασπισμός Δημοκρατική Αναγέννηση και ΕΠΑΜ/Ενιαίο Παλλαϊκό Μέτωπο). Leader: Stelios Papathemelis and a 3-member commitee. 58.459 votes 2012 - 0,92%.

OKDE - ORGANISATION OF COMMUNIST INTERNATIONALISTS OF GREECE (Οργάνψση Κομμουνιστών Διεθνιστών Ελλάδας): Leader: 3-member committee. 2.002 votes 2012 - 0,03%.

PAA - REGIONAL URBAN DEVELOPMENT(Περιφερειακή Αστική Ανάπτυξη, Π.Α.Α): Leader Nikos Kolitsis. 96 votes 2012.
PAEKE - PANAGRARIAN LABOUR MOVEMENT OF GREECE (ΠΑ.Ε.Κ.Ε - Παναγρατικό Εργατικό Κίνημα Ελλάδος): Leader: Miltiadis Tzalazidis. 307 votes 2012.

PANKI - PANATHINAIKOS MOVEMENT (ΠΑΝΚΙ - Παναθηναϊκό Κίνημα): Leader: Giorgos Betsikas. 102 votes 2012.

PIRATE PARTY OF GREECE (Κόμμα Πειρατών Ελλάδας): Founded in January 2012 based on the model of the Swedish Pirate Party. Ideology: Freedom of information. Leader: I. Panagopoulis. 32.487 votes 2012 - 0,51%.

RECREATE GREECE: (Δημιουργία, ξανά!): Citizen centered political movement founded in March 2012 by Thanos Tzimeros. Ideology: Liberalism, Free market compassionate capitalism, Human rights sensitive, Pro-European. 135.932 votes 2012 - 2,15%.

SEE - NATIONAL UNITY ASSOCIATION (Συνδεσμός Εθνικής Ενότητας): Leader: N. Alikakos. 38.193 votes 2012 - 0,6 %.

SOCIETY - POLITICAL PARTY OF THE SUCCESSORS OF KAPODISTRIA (Κοινωνία - Πολιτική Παράταξη συνεχιστών του Καποδίστρια): Leader: Michail Iliadis. 28.502 votes 2012 - 0,45%.

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